Equal Employment Opportunity Commission

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735-Other State Agencies


The U. S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) investigates charges of employment discrimination.

The EEOC has jurisdiction over the following:

  • Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
  • Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA) of 1967.
  • Equal Pay Act of 1963.
  • Section 501 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973.
  • American with Disabilities Act of 1990.
  • Sections of the Civil Rights Act of 1991, which prohibits discrimination in the federal sector, affecting persons with handicaps.

If the EEOC finds that discrimination has occurred, it will attempt to conciliate the case. If the conciliation fails, the EEOC may litigate the case.

Complaint jurisdiction:

  • Discrimination charges about employers, employment agencies, and labor organizations because of an individual's race, color, sex, religion, national origin, or age (persons 40 and older).
  • Complaints about wage differentials between men and women employed in the same establishment performing jobs that require equal skill and effort, under similar working conditions.
  • Charges about employer retaliation against employees for filing a charge of discrimination, assisting in a commission investigation, or opposing employment practices which are unlawful under Title VII, Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA), or the Equal Pay Act.

Outside jurisdiction:

  • Discrimination based on political affiliation, sexual orientation, citizenship, or union activities.
  • Discrimination charges against the federal government or employers with fewer than 15 employees. (Note: Discrimination complaints filed against the federal government are governed by Commission Regulations in 29 C.F.R. 1613.205 and 1613.241. Title VII does not apply to non-competitive service employees of the Congress and its agencies (e.g. the Library of Congress), the Judicial Branch, or the Office of the President, however, since 1972, Title VII has applied to most federal agencies).
  • Discrimination charges filed after the time limit for reporting incidents (usually 300 days after the alleged discrimination occurred).

US Equal Employment Opportunity Commission

131 M Street, NE

Washington, DC 20507

(202) 663-4900

(202) 663-4494 TTY

(800) 669-4000


See Also:

Civil Rights